Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg; IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk]) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with five million inhabitants in 2012, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. It is politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city). Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. In 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д; IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), in 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д; IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow. Saint Petersburg is one of the modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to The Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world. Many foreign consulates, international corporations, banks, and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg.

old_name:fr
Pétrograd;Léningrad
int_name
Sankt-Peterburg
int_ref
RU-SPE
ref:ru
СПБ
gost_7_67-2003
РОФ-СПБ
old_name:os
Петроград;Ленинград
okato:user
40000000000
old_name:vi
Petrograd;Leningrad
ISO3166-2
RU-SPE
old_alt_name:vi
Bỉ Đắc
alt_name:vi
Sankt-Peterburg
wikidata
Q656
old_name:en
Petrograd;Leningrad
population:date
2014-01-01
old_name
Петроград;Ленинград
ref:en
SPE
old_name:eo
Petrogrado;Leningrado
official_status
ru:город федерального значения
ref
СПБ
population
5000000

Contacts

country
RU
postcode
190000

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