Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [ɲip̚poɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meaning "State of Japan") is a sovereign island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian mainland, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the southwest. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin". 日 can be read as ni and means sun, while 本 can be read as hon, or pon and means origin. Japan is often referred to by the famous epithet "Land of the Rising Sun" in reference to its Japanese name. Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions; Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. Japanese people make up 98.5% of Japan's total population. Approximately 9.1 million people live in the city of Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma, and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947 during the occupation by the SCAP, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet. Japan is a member of the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, and the G20 and is considered a great power. The country has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world.

alt_name:eo
Japanio
int_name
Japan
ISO3166-1:numeric
392
ISO3166-1
JP
capital_city
Tokyo
wikidata
Q17
driving_side
left
official_name:pt
Império do Japão
timezone
Asia/Tokyo
is_in
Asia
is_in:ocean
Pacific
official_name:ko
일본국
old_name:vi
Nhật Bổn
alt_name:vi
Nhật
ISO3166-1:alpha3
JPN
ISO3166-1:alpha2
JP
official_name:ca
Estat del Japó
source:population
http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/jinsui/tsuki/index.htm 2010
flag
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg
population
127360000
country_code_iso3166_1_alpha_2
JP
country_code_fips
JA
is_in:continent
Asia

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GPS coordinates (lat,lon): 36.5748441, 139.2394179
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In other languages: aa: Japan | ab: Иапониа | ace: Jeupun | af: Japan | ak: Gyapan | als: Japan | am: ጃፓን | an: Chapón | ang: Iapan | ar: اليابان | arc: ܝܦܢ | arz: اليابان | as: জাপান | ast: Xapón | ay: Nihun | az: Yaponiya | ba: Япония | bar: Japan | bat-smg: Japuonėjė | bcl: Hapon | be: Японія | be-tarask: Японія | bg: Япония | bjn: Japang | bm: Zapɔn | bn: জাপান | bo: རི་པིན། | bpy: জাপান | br: Japan | bs: Japan | bug: ᨍᨛᨄ | bxr: Жибэн | ca: Japó | cbk-zam: Japón | cdo: Nĭk-buōng | ce: Япони | ceb: Hapon | ch: Chapan | chr: ᏣᏆᏂ | ckb: ژاپۆن | crh: Yaponiya | cs: Japonsko | csb: Japòńskô | cu: Ꙗпѡні́ꙗ | cv: Япони | cy: Japan | da: Japan | de: Japan | diq: Japonya | dsb: Japańska | dv: ޖަޕާނު | dz: ཇ་པཱན | ee: Japan | el: Ιαπωνία | eo: Japanujo | es: Japón | et: Jaapan | eu: Japonia | ext: Japón | fa: ژاپن | ff: Sapoo | fi: Japani | fiu-vro: Jaapan | fo: Japan | fr: Japon | frp: J·apon | frr: Japan | fur: Gjapon | fy: Japan | ga: An tSeapáin | gag: Yaponiya | gan: 日本 | gd: Iapan | gl: Xapón - 日本 | gn: Hapõ | gu: જાપાન | gv: Yn Çhapaan | ha: Japan | hak: Ngi̍t-pún | haw: Iāpana | he: יפן | hi: जापान | hif: Japan | hr: Japan | hsb: Japanska | ht: Japon | hu: Japán | hy: Ճապոնիա | ia: Japon | id: Jepang | ie: Japan | ii: ꏝꀪ | ilo: Japon | io: Japonia | is: Japan | it: Giappone | iu: ᓃᑉᐊᓐ/niipan | ja: 日本 | ja_kana: にほん | ja_rm: Nippon | jbo: pongu'e | jv: Jepang | ka: იაპონია | kab: Jappu | kbd: Япон | ki: Njabani | kk: Жапония | kl: Japani | km: ជប៉ុន | kn: ಜಪಾನ್ | ko: 일본 | koi: Ниппон | krc: Япония | ks: जापान | ksh: Japan | ku: Japon | kv: Япония | kw: Nihon | ky: Жапония | la: Iaponia | lb: Japan | lez: Япония | lg: Japani | li: Japan | lij: Giappon | lmo: Giapun | ln: Zapɔ́ | lo: ປະເທດຍີ່ປຸ່ນ | lt: Japonija | ltg: Japoneja | lv: Japāna | mdf: Япунмастор | mg: Japana | mhr: Японий | mi: Nipono | min: Japang | mk: Јапонија | ml: ജപ്പാന്‍ | mn: Япон | mr: जपान | mrj: Япони | ms: Jepun | mt: Ġappun | mwl: Japon | my: ဂျပန်နိုင်ငံ | mzn: جاپون | na: Djapan | nah: Xapon | nap: Giappone | nds: Japan | nds-nl: Japan | ne: जापान | new: जापान | nl: Japan | nn: Japan | no: Japan | nov: Japan | nrm: Japon | nso: Japane | nv: Bina'adaałtzózí | oc: Japon | om: Japan | or: ଜାପାନ | os: Япон | pa: ਜਪਾਨ | pam: Hapon | pap: Hapon | pcd: Japon | pdc: Japan | pih: Japan | pl: Japonia | pms: Giapon | pnb: جاپان | ps: جاپان | pt: Japão | qu: Nihun | rm: Giapun | rn: Ubuyapani | ro: Japonia | roa-rup: Japonia | roa-tara: Giappone | ru: Япония | rue: Японія | rw: Ubuyapani | sa: जापान | sah: Дьоппуон | sc: Giappone | scn: Giappuni | sco: Japan | sd: جاپان | se: Japána | sg: Zapöon | sh: Japan | si: ජපානය | sk: Japonsko | sl: Japonska | sm: Iapani | sn: Japan | so: Jabaan | sq: Japonia | sr: Јапан | srn: Japan | ss: IJaphani | stq: Japan | su: Jepang | sv: Japan | sw: Japani | szl: Japůńijo | ta: ஜப்பான் | te: జపాన్ | tg: Ҷопон | th: ประเทศญี่ปุ่น | ti: ጃፓን | tk: Ýaponiýa | tl: Hapon | to: Siapani | tok: ma Nijon | tpi: Siapan | tr: Japonya | tt: Япония | tw: Yapan | ty: Tāpōnē | tzl: Cipangu | udm: Япония | ug: ياپونىيە | uk: Японія | ur: جاپان | uz: Yaponiya | vec: Giapòn | vi: Nhật Bản | vo: Yapän | war: Hapon | wo: Sapoŋ | wuu: 日本 | xal: Японь | xmf: იაპონია | yi: יאפאן | yo: Japan | za: Nditbonj | zea: Japan | zh: 日本 | zh-classical: 日本 | zh-min-nan: Ji̍t-pún | zh-yue: 日本 | zh_pinyin: Rìběn | zu: iJapani |

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