Belarus (/bɛləˈruːs/ bel-ə-ROOSS; Belarusian: Беларусь, lat. Biełaruś, IPA: [bʲɛlaˈrusʲ]; Russian: Беларусь, tr. Biełaruś; IPA: [bʲɪlɐˈrusʲ]), officially the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Рэспубліка Беларусь; Russian: Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Russian: Белоруссия), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. Over 40% of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) is forested. Its strongest economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing. Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk (11th to 14th centuries), the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the 1917 Russian Revolution, Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian People's Republic, which was conquered by Soviet Russia. The Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1922 and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Byelorussian SSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939, when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland, and were finalized after World War II. During WWII, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945 the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR. The parliament of the republic declared the sovereignty of Belarus on 27 July 1990, and during the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Belarus declared independence on 25 August 1991. Alexander Lukashenko has served as the country's president since 1994. Belarus has been labeled "Europe's last dictatorship" by some Western journalists, on account of Lukashenko's self-described authoritarian style of government. Lukashenko continued a number of Soviet-era policies, such as state ownership of large sections of the economy. Though not directly espousing communism like the five remaining communist countries of China, Cuba, Laos, Vietnam and North Korea; it encourages communal control of economic means. Elections under Lukashenko's rule have been widely criticized as unfair by the international community; and according to many countries and organizations, political opposition has been violently suppressed. Belarus's Democracy Index rating was the lowest in Europe until 2014 (when it was passed by Russia), the country is labelled as "not free" by Freedom House, as "repressed" in the Index of Economic Freedom, and is rated as by far the worst country for press freedom in Europe in the 2013–14 Press Freedom Index published by Reporters Without Borders, which ranks Belarus 157th out of 180 nations. In 2000 Belarus and Russia signed a treaty for greater cooperation, with some hints of forming a Union State. Over 70% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million resides in urban areas. More than 80% of the population is ethnic Belarusian, with sizable minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. The Constitution of Belarus does not declare any official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The second most widespread religion, Roman Catholicism, has a much smaller following; nevertheless, Belarus celebrates both Orthodox and Catholic versions of Christmas and Easter as national holidays. Belarus is the only European country to retain capital punishment in both law and practice.

alt_name:eo
Bjelorusujo;Belarusujo;Belorusio
int_name
Belaruś
ISO3166-1:numeric
112
official_name:el
Δημοκρατία της Λευκορωσίας
official_name:en
Republic of Belarus
official_name:eo
Respubliko Belorusujo
ISO3166-1
BY
capital_city
Minsk
official_name
Рэспубліка Беларусь
official_name:et
Valgevene Vabariik
alt_name:en
Belorussia;Byelorussia
wikidata
Q184
geonames:id
630336
int_ref
BY
official_name:es
República de Belarús
timezone
Europe/Minsk
official_name:pt
República da Bielorrússia
official_name:id
Republik Belarus
official_name:be-tarask
Рэспубліка Беларусь
official_name:pl
Republika Białoruska
official_name:uz
Belarus Respublikasi
alt_name:vi
Bạch Nga
ISO3166-1:alpha3
BLR
ISO3166-1:alpha2
BY
official_name:vi
Cộng hòa Belarus
official_name:uk
Республіка Білорусь
official_name:sl
Republika Belorusija
official_name:be
Рэспубліка Беларусь
official_name:sk
Bieloruská republika
flag
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/Flag_of_Belarus.svg
official_name:br
Republik Belarus
old_name:eo
Bjelorusio;Bjelorusujo
population:date
2012
official_name:sv
Republiken Vitryssland
alt_name:fr
Biélorussie
official_name:sr
Република Белорусија
population
9689800
country_code_iso3166_1_alpha_2
BY
official_name:ru
Республика Беларусь
country_code_fips
BO
is_in:continent
Europe
official_name:lv
Baltkrievijas Republika
official_name:lt
Baltarusijos Respublika

Contacts

country
BY

Comments and reviews

comments powered by HyperComments
GPS coordinates (lat,lon): 53.4250605, 27.6971358
Open in map service: OpenStreetMap | Yandex.Maps | Google Maps
Share

Photos nearby

Distance (km) ~ {{ p.dist }}
{{ p['author']['name'] }} ({{ p['service'] }}) {{ p['license']['name'] }}, {{ p['date']['short'] }}

In other languages: ace: Bèlarusia | af: Wit-Rusland | ak: Bɛlarus | als: Wiissrussland | am: ቤላሩስ | an: Belarrusia | ang: Belarus | ar: بيلاروس | arc: ܒܠܪܘܣ | ast: Bielorrusia | az: Belorusiya | bar: Weißrussland | bat-smg: Baltarosėjė | bcl: Belarus | be: Беларусь | be-tarask: Беларусь | bg: Беларус | bi: Belarus | bjn: Bilarusia | bm: Belarusi | bn: বেলারুশ | bo: བེ་ལུ་རུ་སུ། | bpy: বেলারুস | br: Belarus | bs: Bjelorusija | bxr: Белорос | ca: Bielorússia | ce: Белороссе | ceb: Belarus | chr: ᏇᎳᎷᏒ | ckb: بیلاڕووس | co: Bielorussia | crh: Belarus | cs: Bělorusko | csb: Biôłorëskô | cu: Бѣла́ Роу́сь | cv: Белоруси | cy: Belarws | da: Hviderusland | de: Weißrussland | de_CH: Weissrussland | diq: Belarus | dsb: Běłoruska | dv: ބެލާރުސް | dz: བེ་ལ་རུ་སུ། | ee: Belarus | el: Λευκορωσία | eo: Belorusujo | es: Bielorrusia | et: Valgevene | eu: Bielorrusia | ext: Bielorrússia | fa: بلاروس | ff: Belaruus | fi: Valko-Venäjä | fiu-vro: Valgõvinne | fo: Hvítarussland | fr: Biélorussie | frp: Bièlorussie | frr: Witjruslun | fur: Bielorussie | fy: Wyt-Ruslân | ga: An Bhealarúis | gag: Biyaz Rusiya | gd: A' Bhealaruis | gl: Bielorrusia | gn: Vielorrusia | gu: બેલારુસ | gv: Yn Velaroosh | ha: Belarus | hak: Pha̍k-ngò-lò-sṳ̂ | haw: Belarusa | he: בלארוס | hi: बेलारूस | hif: Belarus | hr: Bjelorusija | hsb: Běłoruska | ht: Byelorisi | hu: Fehéroroszország | hy: Բելառուս | ia: Bielorussia | id: Belarus | ie: Bielorussia | ilo: Belarus | io: Bielorusia | is: Hvíta-Rússland | it: Bielorussia | ja: ベラルーシ | jbo: belrus | jv: Belarus | ka: ბელარუსი | kaa: Belorussiya | kab: Bilarus | kbd: Урысыху | kg: Belarusia | ki: Belarusi | kk: Беларусь | kl: Hvideruslandi | km: បេឡារុស្ស | kn: ಬೆಲಾರುಸ್ | ko: 벨라루스 | koi: Беларусь | krc: Белоруссия | ks: بیلاروٗس | ksh: Wießrußland | ku: Belarûs | kv: Беларусь | kw: Belarussi | ky: Беларусь | la: Ruthenia Alba | lad: Bielorusia | lb: Wäissrussland | lez: Беларусия | lg: Belarusi | li: Wit-Rusland | lij: Bieloruscia | lmo: Bielurüssia | ln: Bielorusia | lo: ເບນລາຮັສ | lt: Baltarusija | ltg: Boltkrīveja | lv: Baltkrievija | mdf: Беларузмастор | mg: Belarosy | mhr: Белоруссий | mi: Pērara | mk: Белорусија | ml: ബെലാറസ് | mn: Беларусь | mr: बेलारूस | ms: Belarus | mt: Belarus | my: ဘီလာရုစ် | na: Belarus | nah: Belarus | nap: Bielorussia | nds: Wittrussland | nds-nl: Wit-Ruslaand | ne: बेलारुस | new: बेलारुस | nl: Wit-Rusland | nn: Kviterussland | no: Hviterussland | nov: Belarus | oc: Bielorussia | or: ବେଲାରୁଷ୍ | os: Белорусси | pam: Belarus | pap: Belarus | pcd: Biélorussie | pih: Belerus | pl: Białoruś | pms: Bielorussia | pnb: بیلارس | pnt: Λευκορουσία | ps: بېلاروسيه | pt: Bielorrússia | qu: Bilarus | rm: Bielorussia | rmy: Belarus | rn: Belausi | ro: Belarus | roa-rup: Arusia albã | roa-tara: Russie Vianghe | ru: Беларусь | ru_BY: Беларусь | rue: Білорусія | rw: Belarusi | sa: बेलारूस | sah: Беларусь | scn: Bielorussia | sco: Belaroushie | se: Vilges-Ruošša | sg: Belarüsi | sh: Belorusija | si: බෙලරුස් | simple: Belarus | sk: Bielorusko | sl: Belorusija | sn: Belarusi | so: Belarus | sq: Bjellorusia | sr: Белорусија | srn: Belarusikondre | ss: IBhelalasi | stq: Wietruslound | su: Bélarus | sv: Vitryssland | sw: Belarus | szl: Bjołoruś | ta: பெலருஸ் | te: బెలారస్ | tg: Белорус | th: ประเทศเบลารุส | ti: ቤላሩስ | tk: Belarus | tl: Belarus | to: Pelelusi | tok: ma Pelalusi | tpi: Belaras | tr: Beyaz Rusya | ts: Belarus | tt: Беларусия | ty: Belarus | udm: Белоруссия | ug: بېلورۇسسىيە | uk: Білорусь | ur: بیلارس | uz: Belarus | vec: Biełorusia | vep: Vaugedvenäma | vi: Belarus | vo: Belarusän | war: Bielorrusya | wo: Belaarus | wuu: 白俄罗斯 | xal: Цаганoрсн Орн Нутг | xmf: ბელარუსი | yi: בעלארוס | yo: Orílẹ́ède Bélárúsì | zea: Wit-Rusland | zh: 白俄罗斯 | zh-classical: 白俄羅斯 | zh-min-nan: Belarus | zh-yue: 白俄羅斯 | zh_pinyin: Báiéluósī | zu: i-Belarus |

Geopoisk.Club содержит свободные данные, распространяемые по лицензии ODbL
Авторские права на данные принадлежат участникам OpenStreetMap.
Feedback: mail@geopoisk.club
Help us translate the site into your language! Join the community of interpreters.