Russia (/ˈrʌʃə/; Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya; IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), also officially the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya; IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a country in Eurasia. At 17,075,200 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people at the end of March 2016. The European western part of the country is much more populated and urbanised than the eastern; about 77% of the population live in European Russia. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, other major urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde, and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, fifteen independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and sole successor state of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, as well as a member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

official_name:az
Rusiya Federasiyası
alt_name:en
Russia
ISO3166-1:numeric
643
official_name:el
Ρωσική Ομοσπονδία
official_name:en
Russian Federation
official_name:eo
Rusa Federacio
ISO3166-1
RU
capital_city
Moscow
official_name
Российская Федерация
ISO3166-1:alpha3
RUS
official_name:et
Venemaa Föderatsioon
official_name:sv
Ryska federationen
int_name
Russian Federation
alt_name:cs
Rusko
alt_name
Russia;Россия
int_ref
RU
official_name:es
Federación Rusa
alt_name:et
Venemaa
official_name:bg
Руската Федерация
official_name:af
Russiese Federasie
official_name:pt
Federação Russa
official_name:tg
Федератсияи Россия
name:UN:fr
Fédération de Russie (la)
old_short_name:ru
СССР
name:UN:es
Federación de Rusia (la)
official_name:pl
Federacja Rosyjska
official_name:kk
Ресей Федерациясы
official_name:uz
Rossiya Federasiyasi
ISO3166-1:alpha2
RU
border_type
nation
official_name:ku
Federasyona Rûsyayê
official_name:it
Federazione Russa
alt_name:es
Rusia
official_name:vi
Liên Bang Nga
population
143142000
old_short_name:en
USSR
short_name:ru
РФ
name:UN:en
Russian Federation (the)
alt_name:fi
Venäjän Federaatio
official_name:be
Расійская Федэрацыя
short_name
РФ
alt_name:de
Russische Föderation
official_name:sl
Ruska federacija
official_name:ca
Federació Russa
flag
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svg
official_name:br
Kevread Rusia
old_name:ru
Русь;Золотая Орда;Русское Царство;Российская Империя;Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
population:date
2014-01-01
old_name
Русь;Золотая Орда;Русское Царство;Российская Империя;Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
alt_name:yi
רוסלאנד
official_name:id
Federasi Rusia
name:UN:zh
俄罗斯联邦
alt_name:sv
Ryssland
official_name:sr
Руска Федерација
name:UN:ru
Российская Федерация
country_code_iso3166_1_alpha_2
RU
name:UN:ar
الاتحاد الروسي
alt_name:ast
Rusia
official_name:ru
Российская Федерация
alt_name:sl
Rusija
old_short_name
СССР
official_name:lb
Russesch Federatioun
alt_name:eo
Rusio;Ruslando
official_name:tl
Pederasyong Ruso
country_code_fips
RS
alt_name:uk
Росія
is_in:continent
Eurasia
wikidata
Q159
official_name:lt
Rusijos Federacija
alt_name:sk
Rusko

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In other languages: aa: Russia | ab: Урыстәыла | ace: Rusia | af: Rusland | ak: Rɔhyea | als: Russland | am: ራሺያ | an: Rusia | ang: Russland | ar: روسيا الاتحادية | arc: ܪܘܣܝܐ | arz: روسيا | as: ৰুশিযা | ast: Rusia | av: Россиялъул Федерация | ay: Rusiya | az: Rusiya | ba: Рәсәй | bar: Russland | bat-smg: Rosėjė | bcl: Rusya | be: Расія | be-tarask: Расея | bg: Русия | bi: Rusia | bjn: Rusia | bm: Irisi | bn: রাশিয়া | bo: ཨུ་རུ་སུ་ | bpy: রাশিয়া | br: Rusia | bs: Rusija | bug: Russia | bxr: Ородой Холбооной Улас | ca: Rússia | cbk-zam: Rusia | cdo: Ngò̤-lò̤-sṳ̆ | ce: Росси | ceb: Rusya | ch: Russia | chr: ᏲᏂᎢ | chy: Russia | ckb: ڕووسیا | co: Russia | crh: Rusiye | cs: Rusko | csb: Ruskô | cu: Рѡсїꙗ | cv: Раҫҫей Патшалӑхӗ | cy: Ffederasiwn Rwsia | da: Rusland | de: Russland | diq: Rusya | dsb: Rusojska | dv: ރޫސީވިލާތް | dz: ཨུ་རུ་སུ | ee: Russia nutome | el: Ρωσία | eml: Rossia | eo: Rusujo | es: Rusia | et: Venemaa | eu: Errusia | ext: Russia | fa: روسیه | ff: Riisii | fi: Venäjä | fiu-vro: Vinnemaa | fo: Russland | fr: Russie | frp: Russie | frr: Ruslönj | fur: Russie | fy: Ruslân | ga: An Rúis | gag: Rusiya | gan: 俄羅斯 | gd: An Ruis | gl: Rusia | gn: Rrusia | gu: રશિયન ફેડરેશન | gv: Yn Roosh | ha: Rasha | hak: Ngò-lò-sṳ̂ | haw: Rūsia | he: רוסיה | hi: रूस | hif: Russia | hr: Rusija | hsb: Ruska | ht: Risi | hu: Oroszország | hy: Ռուսաստան | ia: Russia | id: Rusia | ie: Russia | ig: Mpaghara Russia | ii: ꊉꇆꌦ | ik: Russia | ilo: Rusia | io: Rusia | is: Rússland | it: Russia | iu: ᐅᓛᓴ / ulaasa | ja: ロシア | jbo: rukygu'e | jv: Rusia | ka: რუსეთი | kaa: Rossiya | kab: Rrus | kbd: Урысей | kg: Rusia | ki: Urusi | kk: Ресей | kl: Ruslandi | km: រុស្ស៊ី | kn: ರಶಿಯಾ | ko: 러시아 | koi: Рочму | krc: Россия Федерация | ks: روٗس | ksh: Rußland | ku: Rûsya | kv: Рочму | kw: Russi | ky: Орусия | la: Russia | lad: Rusia | lb: Russland | lbe: Аьрасат | lez: Урусат | lg: Lasa | li: Rösland | lij: Ruscia | lmo: Rüssia | ln: Risí | lo: ລັດເຊຍ | lt: Rusija | ltg: Krīveja | lv: Krievija | map-bms: Rusia | mdf: Рузмастор | mg: Rosia | mhr: Россий | mi: Rūhia | min: Rusia | mk: Русија | ml: റഷ്യ | mn: Орос | mr: रशिया | mrj: Россий | ms: Rusia | mt: Russja | mwl: Rússia | my: ရုရှ | myv: Россия Мастор | mzn: ئوروسیا | na: Ratsiya | nah: Rusia | nap: Russia | nds: Russland | nds-nl: Ruslaand | ne: रूस | new: रुस | nl: Rusland | nn: Russland | no: Russland | nov: Rusia | nrm: Russie | nso: Russia | nv: Biʼééʼ Łichííʼí Bikéyah | ny: Russia | oc: Russia | om: Russia | or: ରୁଷିଆ | os: Уӕрӕсе | pa: ਰੂਸ | pag: Rusia | pam: Rusia | pap: Rusia | pcd: Russie | pdc: Russland | pfl: Russlond | pih: Rusha | pl: Rosja | pms: Russia | pnb: روس | pnt: Ρουσία | ps: روسیه | pt: Rússia | qu: Rusiya | rm: Russia | rmy: Rusiya | rn: Uburusiya | ro: Rusia | roa-rup: Arusia | roa-tara: Russie | ru: Россия | rue: Росія | rw: Uburusiya | sah: Арассыыйа | sc: Rùssia | scn: Russia | sco: Roushie | sd: روس | se: Ruošša | sg: Rusïi | sh: Rusija | si: රුසියාව | sk: Rusko | sl: Rusija | sm: Lusia | sn: Russia | so: Ruush | sq: Rusi | sr: Русија | srn: Rusland | ss: IRashiya | st: Russia | stq: Ruslound | su: Rusia | sv: Ryssland | sw: Urusi | szl: Rusyjo | ta: ரஷ்யா | te: రష్యా | tet: Rúsia | tg: Россия | th: ประเทศรัสเซีย | ti: ራሺያ | tk: Russiýa | tl: Rusya | to: Lūsia | tok: ma Losi | tpi: Rasia | tr: Rusya | ts: Russia | tt: Русия | tum: Russia | tw: Russia | ty: Rūtia | tzl: Rußía | udm: Россия | ug: روسىيە | uk: Росія | ur: روسی | uz: Rossiya | ve: Rashia | vec: Rusia | vep: Venäma | vi: Nga | vls: Rusland | vo: Rusän | wa: Rûsseye | war: Rusya | wo: Riisi | wuu: 俄罗斯 | xal: Орсин Ниицән | xh: IRashiya | xmf: რუსეთი | yi: רוסלאנד | yo: Orílẹ́ède Rọṣia | za: Ezlozswh | zea: Rusland | zh: 俄罗斯 | zh-classical: 俄羅斯 | zh-min-nan: Lō͘-se-a | zh-yue: 俄羅斯 | zh_pinyin: Éluósī | zu: i-Russia |

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