Lithuania (UK and US: /ˌlɪθuːˈeɪniə/, Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in Northern Europe. One of the three Baltic states, it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.9 million people as of 2015, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are a Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772–95, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory. As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, a full member of the Eurozone, Schengen Agreement and NATO. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "very high human development" country. Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union and is ranked 21st in the world in the Ease of Doing Business Index.

official_name:az
Litva Respublikası
int_name
Lithuania
watch:hakan
countries
ISO3166-1:numeric
440
official_name:el
Δημοκρατία της Λιθουανίας
official_name:en
Republic of Lithuania
official_name:eo
Litova Respubliko
ISO3166-1
LT
capital_city
Vilnius
official_name
Lietuvos Respublika
official_name:et
Leedu Vabariik
wikidata
Q37
geonames:id
597427
official_name:es
República de Lituania
timezone
Europe/Vilnius
official_name:pt
República da Lituânia
official_name:id
Republik Lituania
official_name:be-tarask
Летувіская Рэспубліка
official_name:pl
Republika Litewska
ISO3166-1:alpha3
LTU
ISO3166-1:alpha2
LT
official_name:it
Repubblica di Lituania
country_code_fips
LH
official_name:fr
République de Lituanie
official_name:be
Літоўская Рэспубліка
official_name:sk
Litovská republika
official_name:cs
Litevská republika
flag
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Flag_of_Lithuania.svg
official_name:sv
Republiken Litauen
population
3565205
country_code_iso3166_1_alpha_2
LT
official_name:ku
Komara Lîtvanya
alt_name:eo
Litovio
official_name:vi
Cộng hòa Litva
is_in:continent
Europe
official_name:lv
Lietuvas Republika
official_name:lt
Lietuvos Respublika

Comments and reviews

comments powered by HyperComments
GPS coordinates (lat,lon): 55.3500003, 23.7499997
Open in map service: OpenStreetMap | Yandex.Maps | Google Maps
Share

Photos nearby

Distance (km) ~ {{ p.dist }}
{{ p['author']['name'] }} ({{ p['service'] }}) {{ p['license']['name'] }}, {{ p['date']['short'] }}

In other languages: ab: Литва | ace: Lithuania | af: Litaue | ak: Lituwenia | als: Litauen | am: ሊቱዌኒያ | an: Lituania | ang: Liþþuania | ar: ليتوانيا | arc: ܠܬܘܢܝܐ | arz: ليتوانيا | ast: Lituania | ay: Lituaña | az: Litva | ba: Литва | bar: Litaun | bat-smg: Lietova | bcl: Lituanya | be: Літва | be-tarask: Летува | bg: Литва | bi: Litwania | bm: Lituyani | bn: লিত্ভা | bo: ལི་ཐུ་ཨེ་ནི་ཡ། | bpy: লিথুয়ানিয়া | br: Lituania | bs: Litvanija | bxr: Литва | ca: Lituània | ce: Литва | ceb: Litwanya | ch: Lituania | chr: ᎵᏗᏪᏂᎠ | ckb: لیتوانیا | co: Lituania | crh: Litvaniya | cs: Litva | csb: Lëtewskô | cu: Литъва | cv: Литва | cy: Lithwania | da: Litauen | de: Litauen | diq: Litwanya | dsb: Litawska | dv: ލިތުއޭނިއާ | dz: ལི་ཐུ་ཝེ་ནི་ཡ | ee: Lituania nutome | el: Λιθουανία | eml: Lituàgna | eo: Litovujo | es: Lituania | et: Leedu | eu: Lituania | ext: Lituánia | fa: لیتوانی | ff: Lituaanii | fi: Liettua | fiu-vro: Leedu | fj: Lituani | fo: Litava | fr: Lituanie | frp: Lituanie | frr: Litauen | fur: Lituanie | fy: Litouwen | ga: An Liotuáin | gag: Litvaniya | gd: Liotuàinia | gl: Lituania | gn: Lituaña | gu: લિથુઆનિયા | gv: Yn Litaan | ha: Lituweniya | hak: Li̍p-thâu-vón | haw: Lituania | he: לטביה | hi: लिथुआनिया | hif: Lithuania | hr: Litva | hsb: Litawska | ht: Lityani | hu: Litvánia | hy: Լիտվա | ia: Lituania | id: Lituania | ie: Lituania | ilo: Lituania | io: Lituania | is: Litháen | it: Lituania | iu: ᓕᐋᑐᕙ | ja: リトアニア | jbo: lietuvas | jv: Lituania | ka: ლიტვა | kaa: Litva | kab: Liṭwanya | kbd: Литоу | kg: Lietuva | ki: Litwania | kk: Литва | kl: Litaueni | km: លីទុយអានី | kn: ಲಿಥುವೇನಿಯಾ | ko: 리투아니아 | koi: Летува | krc: Литва | ks: لِتھُوانِیا | ksh: Littaue | ku: Lîtvanya | kv: Литва | kw: Lithouani | ky: Литва | la: Lituania | lad: Lituania | lb: Litauen | lez: Литва | lg: Lisuwenya | li: Litauwe | lij: Lituannia | liv: Leišmō | lmo: Lituania | ln: Litwani | lo: ລິເທີເນຍ | lt: Lietuva | ltg: Lītova | lv: Lietuva | mdf: Литва | mg: Litoania | mhr: Литва | mi: Rituānia | mk: Литванија | ml: ലിത്വാനിയ | mn: Литва | mr: लिथुआनिया | mrj: Литва | ms: Lithuania | mt: Litwanja | my: လစ်သူယေးနီးယား | na: Rituainiya | nah: Lituania | nap: Lituania | nds: Litauen | nds-nl: Litouwen | ne: लिथुअनिया | new: लिथुआनिया | nl: Litouwen | nn: Litauen | no: Litauen | nov: Lituania | nrm: Lithuanie | nv: Łitʼoowę́ęya | ny: Lithuania | oc: Lituània | or: ଲିଥାଆନିଆ | os: Литва | pam: Lituania | pcd: Lituanie | pdc: Litaun | pih: Lithyuanya | pl: Litwa | pms: Lituania | pnb: لیتھوینیا | pnt: Λιθουανία | ps: لېتوانيا | pt: Lituânia | qu: Lituwa | rm: Lituania | rmy: Lituaniya | rn: Lituwaniya | ro: Lituania | roa-tara: Lituanie | ru: Литва | rue: Літва | rw: Lituwaniya | sa: लेतुवा | sah: Литва | sc: Lituània | scn: Lituania | sco: Lithuanie | se: Lietuva | sg: Lituanïi | sh: Litvanija | si: ලිතුවේනියාව | simple: Lithuania | sk: Litva | sl: Litva | sn: Lithuania | so: Lituweeniya | sq: Lituani | sr: Литванија | srn: Lituwaniyakondre | ss: Lithuwani | st: Lituania | stq: Litauen | su: Lituania | sv: Litauen | sw: Litwania | szl: Litwa | ta: லிதுவேனியா | te: లిథుయేనియా | tet: Lituánia | tg: Литва | th: ประเทศลิทัวเนีย | ti: ሊቱዌኒያ | tk: Litwa | tl: Litwaniya | to: Lifiuenia | tok: ma Lijatuwa | tpi: Lituwenia | tr: Litvanya | ts: Lithuania | tt: Литва | tum: Lithuania | tzl: Liþognh | udm: Литва | ug: لىتۋا | uk: Литва | ur: لتھوانیا | uz: Litva | ve: Lituania | vec: Łituania | vep: Litvanma | vi: Litva | vls: Litouwn | vo: Lietuvän | wa: Litwaneye | war: Lituania | wo: Lituwaani | wuu: 立陶宛 | xal: Литдин Орн | xmf: ლიტვა | yi: ליטע | yo: Orílẹ́ède Lituania | zea: Litouwen | zh: 立陶宛 | zh-min-nan: Lietuva | zh-yue: 立陶宛 | zh_pinyin: Lìtáowǎn | zu: i-Lithuania |

Geopoisk.Club содержит свободные данные, распространяемые по лицензии ODbL
Авторские права на данные принадлежат участникам OpenStreetMap.
Feedback: mail@geopoisk.club
Help us translate the site into your language! Join the community of interpreters.